**An article by Krusty Kurmudgeon**
Second Amendment Says –“ A well-regulated militia being necessary for
the security of a free state, the right of the people to keep and bear
arms shall not be infringed”
The antis like
to say that this is a collective right and the “free state” is the
individual states or the federal government. In UNITED STATES v. VERDUGO-URQUIDEZ,
The court said differently - The "people" under the First, Second,
Fourth, Ninth & Tenth Amendments are individuals, not the States.
The recent Heller and McDonald decisions reinforce this point. It is an
individual right and it extends to individuals in all of the 50 states
(McDonald v Chicago).
The next collective argument is that the militia is the National Guard. This is refuted by PERPICH v. DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE - National Guard is NOT the militia but part of Armed Forces. Militia divided into "organized" and "unorganized".
As far as the not needing the scary firearm of the day, U.S. v. MILLER
- Militia-type weapons covered under Second Amendment/Militia composed
of civilians primarily and bearing their own firearms. This case was a
challenge to the National Firearms Act of 1934. The firearm in question
was a shotgun with a barrel shorter than 18 inches. The court deemed
that the shotgun was of no use to the militia. Miller nor his attorneys
were at the hearing due to financial issues and procedural
irregularities. The interesting part of the case is the government
argument that The Second Amendment protects only the ownership of
military-type weapons appropriate for use in an organized militia. The
court also looked at how the militia was defined by the authors of the
Constitution - "The significance attributed to the term Militia appears
from the debates in the Convention, the history and legislation of
Colonies and States, and the writings of approved commentators. These
show plainly enough that the Militia comprised all males physically
capable of acting in concert for the common defense. 'A body of citizens
enrolled for military discipline.' And further, that ordinarily when
called for service these men were expected to appear bearing arms
supplied by themselves and of the kind in common use at the time."
Interestingly shotguns were used extensively in the trenches during the
First World War. Why the 2 Justices who were military vets didn’t know
that fact is not known.
Right now the arms in common use are the
M-16, M-4 carbine, AK-47 and AK-74. We can’t own them as they are post
1986 manufacture (Firearm Owners' Protection Act (FOPA)
or banned from importation so the only option is the AR-15 type and
AK-47/74 type semi-automatic rifles. Which the Government argued were
protected under the 2nd amendment in the Miller case.
is consistent with the overall view of the American public, 65% or so
think the 2nd Amendment is to protect against government tyranny. The
rebuttal is that the militia would have no chance against the standing
Army. They, of course, assume that the majority of the army would obey
the orders to shoot their fellow citizens. I would also point out that
the Iraqi and Afghani militants have done a pretty good job of
stalemating the military for 10 or more years.
My last point is a
direct rebuttal of Danny Glover who stated that the 2nd Amendment was
created to protect against slave and Native American revolts. Dread
Scott lost his case in part because of the fear that freed slaves would
receive the protections under the Constitution and Bill of Rights and
arm themselves. The 2nd Amendment was not created in America; it is
nothing but putting on paper and shielding from government the natural
law of self-defense. It is so persons could be secure in their homes and
about their daily lives. It is also protection from tyranny. The
founders had just fought and won a war of independence from just such
tyranny. They knew what happens when men stop acting under the rule of
law and wanted safeguards put in place to prevent it.
The Bill of Rights is a limiting document. It does not limit the people, it limits the government.
♦NOTE: To add to what Krusty Kurmudgeon put together, his wife came across this site (thanks to one of her friends) http://www.assaultweapon.info/
that does a VERY good job of breaking down more facts that helps even
the non-firearm aficionados understand and explain these types of
firearms. This information should be shared far and wide, and you have their blessings and encouragement to do so. Thank you.